June 19, 2021, 4:26 pm
Shahidul Islam, Khagrachhari: The people of the green hills of Khagrachari were once dependent on zoom farming. They have been trying to change their destiny since ancient times. But he did not see the face of success then. He has gone through many ups and downs and brought changes in the farming system. After the zoom cultivation, the farmers who depended on banana, jackfruit and lemon cultivation lived with great difficulty. While turning away from farming and shifting to another profession, a mango of the Shankar variety named Amrapali became a blessing among the hill farmers.
At one time the hill market was occupied by mangoes in the Rajshahi region. The residents had to buy and eat at very high prices. Later in 2001, through the mixed fruit cultivation project of the then Development Board, free Amrapali saplings were distributed among 3,500 farming families. After that, many farmers have become mango farmers from day laborers. Every year they turn the wheel of fortune on the bumper crop of Amrapali. Their families have become financially prosperous. They are now earning lakhs of rupees. Mango cultivation is the main source of income for the financial development of the families of the farmers in the area.
At present, the demand and reputation of Khagrachhari mango is all over the country. Every year during the mango season, Amrapali of Khagrachhari sells signboards in different parts of the country including Dhaka and Chittagong. Mango cultivation is changing the quality of life and economy of the people of this region. Due to favorable weather and soil conditions, thousands of farmers are cultivating Amrapali commercially. Mango of sweet Amrapali variety is also being called as a new cash crop in the hilly areas. The scope of mango cultivation is increasing every year.
According to the Chittagong Hill Tracts Development Board, various projects including orange, malt and mixed fruits were undertaken in 2002 to help the backward people economically by utilizing the fallow land in the hills. In the first phase, in collaboration with the Patia Fruit Research Center, 3,000 families were encouraged in the first phase of the project with the cost of mango saplings and care through the project. After that, the production of amrapali in the hills started commercially and nationwide within a year. Became popular.
The project was to produce seedlings locally and distribute them on a large scale. Seeing the poor farmers earning two to three lakh rupees in one season, many started cultivating Amrapali mango on their own initiative.
This hybrid mango was invented in 1981 by Dr. Piyush Kanti Majumdar, a scientist at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, under the name Mango Amrapali by hybridizing two varieties of mangoes, the famous mango of North India (Lucknow region) and the mango sapphire of South India. This is a newborn mango. The naming of the mango has a historical context. This mango was named after Manoharini and Amrapali Sundari, the possessor of the best variety. There is a lot of similarity between the naming and the actual taste of mango.
There are fans all over the country of this mango of excellent and high quality Sasumishta Shankar variety. Amrapali is much more advanced and delicious than its father and mother qualities (Dasheri and Nilam). The fruit looked elongated, the lower part much curved. Amrapali is of two varieties, one is small in structure and the other is relatively large. The average weight of small variety is 160 grams and the average weight of large variety is 250 grams. When ripe, the skin color is green or reddish-yellow. When ripe, it has a very beautiful color. The skin is smooth and the skin is thin. Mango is very juicy, delicious and fragrant. This mango, which is a very strong non-fiber sweet, has a food content of 75% and a sweetness of 24%. Mango is suitable for cutting. The mango tree is dwarf shaped. It is possible to plant at short distances i.e. 2.5 m. The tree bears much fruit and bears fruit every year. The fruits begin to ripen in the last week of the month of Ashar. It takes five months from flowering to maturity. It takes 5-6 days to ripen after fruit collection. Amrapali is the most commercially successful and currently one of the most popular mangoes in Bangladesh.
There is no doubt that scientists have immortalized the beautiful Amrapali by naming it.
It can be seen in Swarajmin, besides Barapilak, Hafchhari of Guimara upazila of Khagrachhari, Dighinala, Panchhari, Mahalchhari, Manikchhari, Laxichhari and almost all the remote villages of the district wherever you go, you will see the aesthetic scene of mango cultivation. Mango trees have been planted in rows around the green hills with high and low waves. Along the way, in the abandoned place of every house, there are also mango trees standing in the backyard. Hundreds of mangoes are hanging on each tree in a beautiful view. Unempl